Index to Sections
- Republic of South Africa
- Supremacy of the Constitution
- National Anthem
- National Flag
Republic of South Africa
- The Republic of South Africa is one, sovereign, democratic state founded
on the following values:
- Human dignity, the achievement of equality and the advancement of human
rights and freedoms.
- Non-racialism and non-sexism.
- Supremacy of the constitution and the rule of law.
- Universal adult suffrage, a national common voters roll, regular elections
and a multi-party system of democratic government, to ensure accountability,
responsiveness and openness.
Supremacy of Constitution
- This Constitution is the supreme law of the Republic; law or conduct
inconsistent with it is invalid, and the obligations imposed by it must
- (1) There is a common South African citizenship.
- (2) All citizens are
- equally entitled to the rights, privileges and benefits of citizenship;
- equally subject to the duties and responsibilities of citizenship.
- (3) National legislation must provide for the acquisition, loss and
restoration of citizenship.
- The national
anthem of the Republic is determined by the President by proclamation.
- The national flag of the Republic is black, gold, green, white, red
and blue, as described and sketched in Schedule
- (1) The official languages of the Republic are Sepedi, Sesotho, Setswana,
siSwati, Tshivenda, Xitsonga, Afrikaans, English, isiNdebele, isiXhosa
- (2) Recognising the historically diminished use and status of the indigenous
languages of our people, the state must take practical and positive measures
to elevate the status and advance the use of these languages.
- The national government and provincial governments may use any particular
official languages for the purposes of government, taking into account
usage, practicality, expense, regional circumstances and the balance of
the needs and preferences of the population as a whole or in the province
concerned; but the national government and each provincial government must
use at least two official languages.
- Municipalities must take into account the language usage and preferences
of their residents.
- (4) The national government and provincial governments, by legislative
and other measures, must regulate and monitor their use of official languages.
Without detracting from the provisions of subsection (2), all official
languages must enjoy parity of esteem and must be treated equitably.
- (5) A Pan South African Language Board established by national legislation
- promote, and create conditions for, the development and use of
- all official languages;
- the Khoi, Nama and San languages; and
- sign language ; and
- promote and ensure respect for
- all languages commonly used by communities in South Africa, including
German, Greek, Gujarati, Hindi, Portuguese, Tamil, Telegu and Urdu; and
- Arabic, Hebrew, Sanskrit and other languages used for religious purposes
in South Africa.
SOUTH AFRICAN WEB