Constitution of the
|Act 108 of 1996||ISBN 0-620-20214-9|
This Constitution was drafted in terms of Chapter
5 of the interim Constitution (Act
200 of 1993) and was first adopted by the Constitutional Assembly on
8 May 1996. In terms of a judgement
of the Constitutional Court, delivered on 6 September 1996, the text
was referred back to the Constitutional Assembly for reconsideration. The
text was accordingly amended to comply with the Constitutional Principles
contained in Schedule
4 of the interim Constitution. It was signed into law on 10 December
The objective in this process was to ensure that the final Constitution is legitimate, credible and accepted by all South Africans.
To this extent, the process of drafting the Constitution involved many South Africans in the largest public participation programme ever carried out in South Africa. After nearly two years of intensive consultations, political parties represented in the Constitutional Assembly negotiated the formulations contained in this text, which are an integration of ideas from ordinary citizens, civil society and political parties represented in and outside of the Constitutional Assembly.
This Constitution therefore represents the collective wisdom of the South African people and has been arrived at by general agreement.
|Chapter 1||Founding Provisions|
|Chapter 2||Bill of Rights|
|Chapter 3||Co-operative Government|
|Chapter 5||The President and National Executive|
|Chapter 7||Local Government|
|Chapter 8||Courts and Administration of Justice|
|Chapter 9||State Institutions Supporting Constitutional Democracy|
|Chapter 10||Public Administration|
|Chapter 11||Security Services|
|Chapter 12||Traditional Leaders|
|Chapter 14||General Provisions|
|Schedule 1||National Flag|
|Schedule 2||Oaths and Solemn Affirmations|
|Schedule 3||Election Procedures|
Functional Areas of Concurrent National and Provincial
|Schedule 5||Functional Areas of Exclusive Provincial Legislative Competence|
|Schedule 6||Transitional Arrangements|
|Schedule 7||Laws Repealed|
We, the people of South Africa,
Recognise the injustices of our past;
Honour those who suffered for justice and freedom in our land;
Respect those who have worked to build and develop our country; and
Believe that South Africa belongs to all who live in it, united in our diversity.
We therefore, through our freely elected representatives, adopt this Constitution as the supreme law of the Republic so as to
May God protect our people.
Nkosi Sikelel' iAfrika. Morena boloka setjhaba sa heso.
God seŽn Suid-Afrika. God bless South Africa.
Mudzimu fhatutshedza Afurika. Hosi katekisa Afrika.